•Use extreme care to avoid spilling or splashing the sulphuric acid solution. It can destroy clothing and burn the eyes and skin.
*Always wear safety goggles and protective clothing (gloves and aprons). A face shield may also be necessary.
Batteries can be weight from about 14 to 27 kg, so practice safe lifting and carrying procedures to prevent back injuries. Use a battery carrier to lift a battery, or place hands at opposite corners.
What is the Meaning of CCA, CA, AH and RC
These are the standards that most battery companies use to rate the output and capacity of a battery.
Cold cranking amps (CCA) is a measurement of the number of amps a battery can deliver at -17 °C for 30 seconds and not drop below 7.2 volts. So a high CCA battery rating is good especially in cold weather.
Cranking amps (CA) measured at 0°C. This rating is also called Marine cranking amps (MCA). Hot cranking amps (HCA) is seldom used any longer but is measured at 27 ° C.
Reserve Capacity (RC) is a very important rating. This is the number of minutes a fully charged battery at 27 °C will discharge 25 amps until the battery drops below 10.5 volts.
An amp hour (AH) is a rating usually found on deep cycle batteries. If a battery is rated at 100 amp hours it should deliver 5 amps for 20 hours, 20 amps for 5 hours, etc.
How many types of lead-acid batteries?
Basically there are 2 types of batteries: starting (cranking) batteries and deep cycle (marine/golf cart) batteries. The starting battery (SLI starting lights ignition) is designed to deliver quick bursts of energy (such as starting engines) and have a greater plate count. The plates will also be thinner and have somewhat different material composition.
The deep cycle battery has less instant energy but greater long-term energy delivery. Deep cycle batteries have thicker plates and can survive a number of discharge cycles. Starting batteries should not be used for deep cycle applications. The so-called Dual Purpose Battery is only a compromise between the 2 types of batteries.
AGM: The Absorbed Glass Matt construction allows the electrolyte to be suspended in close proximity with the plate’s active material. In theory, this enhances both the discharge and recharge efficiency. Actually, the AGM batteries are a variant of Sealed VRLA batteries. Popular usage high performance engine starting, power sports, deep cycle, solar and storage battery. The AGM batteries we sell are typically good deep cycle batteries and they deliver best life performance if recharged before the battery drops below the 50 percent discharge rate. If these AGM batteries are discharged to a rate of 100 percent the cycle life will be 300 plus cycles and this is true of most AGM batteries rated as deep cycle batteries.
GEL: The gel cell is similar to the AGM style because the electrolyte is suspended, but different because technically the AGM battery is still considered to be a wet cell. The electrolyte in a GEL cell has a silica additive that causes it to set up or stiffen. The recharge voltages on this type of cell are lower than the other styles of lead acid battery. This is probably the most sensitive cell in terms of adverse reactions to over-voltage charging. Gel Batteries are best used in very deep cycle application and may last a bit longer in hot weather applications. If the incorrect battery charger is used on a Gel Cell battery it will cause poor performance and premature battery failure.
•Batteries sit too long between charges. As little as 24 hours in hot weather and several days in cooler weather.
•Battery is stored without some type of energy input.
•“Deep cycling” an engine starting battery. Remember these batteries can’t stand deep discharge.
•Undercharging of a battery, to charge a battery (let’s say) to 90% of capacity will allow sulphation of the battery using the 10% of battery chemistry not reactivated by the incomplete charging cycle.
•Heat of 38°C+, increases internal discharge. As temperatures increase so does internal discharge. A new fully charged battery left sitting 24 hours a day at 43°C for 30 days would most likely not start an engine.
•Low electrolyte level – battery plates exposed to air will immediately sulfate.
•Incorrect charging levels and settings. Most cheap battery chargers do more harm than good. Cold weather is also hard on the battery. The chemistry does not make the same amount of energy as a warm battery. A deeply discharged battery can freeze solid in subzero weather.
There are 3 main types of people that can benefit from ABR’s refurbishment process.
1.The public and private users of batteries.
2.Companies that need and use batteries for their vehicles and equipment.
3.Companies that offer services dealing with vehicles, machinery and equipment, which could offer battery replacement as an additional service.